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PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoJuLY2012Fishermenx19snews7asconductingcompliancechecksonprimaryliesavingequipmentpriortothestartothecrabseasons.Inthatoncenotoriouslydangerousx2sheryatalitieshavedeclinedby75percentdueinlargeparttoSSCexaminationsconductedbytheCoastGuard.MorerecentlytheAlternateComplianceandSafetyAgreementACSAwasdevelopedorapproximately50catcher-processorsoperatingintheBSAIreez-er-longlinecodx2sheryandtheBSAIreezertrawlerfatx2shx2shery.InACSAtheprimaryocusisonhullconditionwatertightintegritymachineryinspectionsx2repreventionandsuppressionandverix2cationoemergencyreadinessthroughsaetydrills.TeACSAprogramisverysimilartoaCoastGuardadministeredvesselinspectionprogramandincludesrequirementsorCoastGuardmarineinspectorstoattenddrydockingsinternalstructuralexaminationsandannualinspections.TisisaarmorecomprehensiveandrigoroussaetyprogramthantheSSCexamsandwasspecix2callydevelopedtoaddressthehigherrisksandhigherconsequencesassociatedwiththesex2shprocessingvesselx19soperations.IthastakenthetypicalACSAvesselaullthreeyearstocomeintocompliancewiththisprogram.Commontoboththeseprogramshasbeenascienti-ically-basedassessmentoatalityratesandprimarycausalactorsandapartnershipbetweentheCoastGuardandthex2shingindustrytojointlydevelopsolutionsandinterven-tionstrategiesappropriatetotheax3ectedfeet.Bothpro-gramshaveunquestionablysavedlivesbyaddressingsaetyhazardsspecix2ctotheindividualfeets.ProgramDevelopmentBasedUponRiskAstheCoastGuardandthex2shingindustrybegintotakeinitialstepstowardsASCPdevelopmentitisimpera-tivethatx2shingindustryassociationleadersandvesselown-ersbegintoconsiderwhatanASCPwouldlooklikeortheirfeetandhowlongitwilltaketoimplement.WhataretherisksassociatedwiththeirfeetWhatresourcesdrydocksnavalarchitectstrainingareavailabletoaddressboatspecix2cissuesHowarevesselsbeinglostandwhatarethecausalactorsassociatedwithatalitiesReviewsox2shingvesselcasualtydataprovidedbytheNationalInstituteorOccupationalSaetyandHealthandtheUSCoastGuardclearlydemonstratethatatalityratesandcausalactorsovessellossesandatalitiesarehighlydix3erentiatedbetweenvesseltypesx2sherygearspeciesbeingx2shedandgeographicregionsinwhichx2shermenoperate.AsanexamplearecentsaetystudyoundthatinthewatersotheStateoAlaskathereweremorethan56dix3erentvesselgearspeciescombinationswitheachx2sheryhavingsignix2cantlydix3erentatalityratesandcausalconnectactors.Somex2sherieshadhighratesoallsoverboardatalitiesrelatedtogearspecix2coperationalpracticessomex2sherieshadproblemswithvesselcapsizingcausedbylackoadherencetostabilitylettersandotherx2sherieshadalargenumberocapsizingeventsduetopoorweatherandlocalgeographiceaturesbarcrossings.Terewerealsox2sheriesthathadvirtuallynoneotheseprob-lems.Giventhissignix2cantvariabilityosaetyperormancebetweenfeetsitisimperativetoocusuponthosefeetswiththehighestatalityratesandtodeveloptailoredsolutionstopreventthoseatalities.REGULATIONTheACSAprogramisverysimilartoaCoastGuardadministeredvesselinspectionprogramandincludesrequirementsforCoastGuardmarineinspectorstoattenddrydockingsinternalstructuralexaminationsandannualinspections.PhotocourtesyoftheUSCoastGuard.