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30PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoJuLY2012Fishermenx19snewsOPERATIONSPlannedMeasuresAccordingtostateplansaseriesomeasuresdesignedtocreateavor-ableconditionsortheconstructionox2shingvesselsatRussianshipyardswillbeimplementedthisyear.AmongtheplannedmeasuresarethereductionothetaxburdenandinparticularVAx1fonx2sh-ingshipbuilderstheprovisionoaccesstocheapbankloansandtheestablishmentoaspecializedleasingcompanywiththeaimoacilitatinglendingtermstoindus-tryenterprises.AnotherwaytoenticeRussianx2sh-ermentobuildtheirvesselsatRussianshipyardswouldbetheprovisionocatchquotastox2sherycompaniesinproportiontotheordersonewshipsplacedbythem.Amongtheotherproposedmeasuresareloansubsidiesallocatedorthecon-structionox2shingtrawlersaswellaslendingtocompaniesonthesecurityox2shquotas.Ithestategoesaheadwiththeplansabout300newcoastalx2shingvesselsareexpectedtobebuiltinRussiainthecom-ingyears.Inadditionanother400shipsshouldbebuiltortheworkinthe200-mileRussianeconomiczoneandsome100shipsorworkatremotex2shingareasoutsidethecountry.Accordingtoesti-matesotheRussianFederalAgencyorFisherytheneedorx2shingvesselsjustintheRussianFarEasternBasinthecenteroRussianx2shproductionmayreach560unitsby2020.Accordingtostateplansparticularattentionisexpectedtobepaidtotheconstructionorerigeratedvesselswiththecarryingcapacityo3500to4500metrictons.Teimplementationotheseplansmightbecontrolledbyaspeciallyestab-lishedstatebodywhichisexpectedtobeheadedbyViktorZubkovRussiax19sFirstDeputyPrimeMinisterresponsibleorthedevelopmentox2sheriesintheRussiangovernment.ProjectsAttheinitialstageplanscallorthemajorityoutureRussianx2shingvesselstobebuiltatthex1cWesternShipyardx1danewRussianshipyardtobecommissionedinaewmonthswhichwillbelocatedintheKaliningradregionoRussia.AccordingtoSergeyLaptevgeneraldirectoroWesternShipyardthenewshipyardwillproduce5or6medium-sizex2shingvesselswiththelengtho60-70meters197to230eeteachyearaswellastwolargevesselswiththelengtho115meters377eet.AnothercenteroRussianx2shingshipbuildingisexpectedtobeestablishedintheRussianFarEastregionatthelocalZvezdaplantwhichislocatedinthecityoBolshoiKamenPrimoryex1ferritory.Atpresentthedemandorx2shingvesselsonlyinthePrimoryethelargesteconomyintheRussianFarEastisestimatedat45units.AccordingtoAndrewKrayniyheadotheFederalAgencyorFisheriesRos-rybolovstvoaspartotheseprojectsthereareplanstobuildanewgenerationomodernx2shingvessels.ForexampleinJuneandJulyothisyeartheconstructionothex2rstosuchvesselstobebuiltoraNorwegianownerwilltakeplaceattheSt.PetersburgPellashipyard.x1fotalvalueotheprojectisestimatedtobeUS100million.AccordingtoKrayniythesewillbelonglinersandusemoderntechnologytoharvestx2shwithlittleornodetrimenttoitsmarketability.Tecapacityosuchves-selswillbesetatthelevelo500tonsox2shperday.Finallyanotherpromisingprojectwillinvolvethex1cUnitedShipbuildingCorporationx1dUSCRussiax19slargestshipbuildingcompanyownedbythestateandthex1cRusskoyMorex1dGroupocompaniesRussiax19slargestproducerandprocessorox2shwhichhasrecentlysignedanagreementorthedesignandconstructiono10x2shingvessels.AccordingtoRussiananalystssuc-cessulimplementationostateplansinthex2eldox2shingfeetrecoverywouldcreateconditionsorasignix2cantincreaseinx2shproductioninRussiainthecom-ingyears.Currentlytheannualcatchox2shandseaoodinRussiaisestimatedatbetween4.2and4.3millionmetrictonswithanannualgrowthothreetoourpercenthoweverthereisapossibilitythatthesex2gurescouldexceed5milliontonsinthecomingyearsastheFarEast-ernregionhastraditionallyaccountedorthebulkox2shproductioninRussia.yAndrewKrayniyheadox18theRussianFederalAgencyx18orFisheriesRosrybolovstvosaysthecountryplanstobuildanewgenerationox18modernfshingvessels.Photocourtesyox18EugeneGerden.EUGENEGERDENisax18ree-lancewriterbasedinMoscowRussiawhohascoveredtheEuropeanmaritimeindustryx18or10years.Hecanbereachedatgerden.euggooglemail.com.