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16PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoJuLY2012Fishermenx19snewsLEGISLATIONthemostdisAppointingaspectotheObamaAdministrationx19srelationshipwiththePacix3cNorthwestAlaskacommercialx3shingindustryisitsrigidandinx1exibleapproachincreatingaNationalOceanPolicyNOP.InJuly2010PresidentObamaissuedExecutiveOrder13547ormallyestablishinganoceanpolicycreatingnewcouncilsandcommitteesthroughouttheederalgovernmentanddirectingagenciestoundertakeabroadarrayonewoceans-relatedactivities.Whilethex3shingandx3shprocessingsectorscouldembracemanyaspectsotheNOPinitiativeseveralaspectsotheNOParesounpalatablethatwecannotsupportthepolicygoingor-warduntiltheseshortcomingsarex3xed.TeAdministrationhoweverhasignoredconcernsrepeatedlyexpressedoverthepastthreeyearsbytheindustrybothinpubliccommentatvari-ousstagesotheNOProlloutandinCongressionaltestimony.Weareletonlytoconcludethattheoutcomesthatweearx13andthatthreatenjobsandopportunityx13areexactlywhattheAdministrationintends.Tecommercialx3shingindustryhasregisteredtheollow-ingthreeprimaryconcernswiththePresidentx19sdirectiveandwhilewehavebeenrebux4edtodatewestillwelcometheoppor-tunitytoworkwiththeAdministrationtoaddressourconcerns.ANewFederalBureaucracyCouldUsurpExistingRegionalFisx1aeryManagementCouncilAutx1aoritiesTeRegionalPlanningBodiesestablishedbyexecutivex3atintheNOParetaskedwithdevelopingoceanzoningplans.Terelevantederalagenciesaredirectedtoimplementeachprovi-sionotheplanthroughregulationsdrawingonauthoritiescon-tainedinmorethan100existingoceans-relatedstatutes.TereisnothingintheNOPthatprecludesaregionalzoningplanromrestrictingsportorcommercialx3shingandtheSecretaryoCommerceisobligatedundertheExecutiveOrdertoimple-mentprovisionsosuchplans.ProponentsothenewpolicyarguedisingenuouslythatNOPissimplyabenigncollaborativeplanningprocessbutpoliciesincorporatedbyreerenceintheExecutiveOrderstateclearlythatoceanzoningmeasuresrepresentax1cnewcompre-hensiveintegratedregionally-basedapproachtoplanningandmanagingusesandactivities.x1dTekeyphraseisx1cmanagingusesandactivities.x1dManagementmeansnewregulations.Tecom-mercialx3shingindustryisnostrangertoregulationsbutthiscouldwellmeannewregulationsthatarenotdevelopedthroughthestakeholder-drivenregionalx3sherymanagementcouncilprocess.Insteadnewregulationsax4ectingourindustrycouldspringromanewregionalplanningbodycomposednotox3sheriesmanagersandstakeholdersknowledgeableaboutthex3sheriesbutprimarilyromofcialsrommyriadederalagen-cieswithouttherequisiteknowledgeorexperience.Notwithstandingrepeatedrequestsbythecommercialx3shingindustryortheAdministrationtoclariythatregionalplanningbodiesarenotauthorizedtorestrictx3shingactiv-itythepoliciesandproceduresintheExecutiveorderremainunchanged.FederalOx18fcialswitx1aNoExpertiseinFisx1aeriesManagementareEmpoweredtoCreateNewFisx1aeriesRegulationsTeNOPRegionalPlanningBodiesaretobepopulatedlargelybyederalofcialsromuptotwo-dozenagenciesveryewowhomhaveexpertiseinx3sheriesmanagement.x1fogetaroundpublicmeetingrequirementsinederallawthatapplytoederalentitiesthatincludeprivatecitizenparticipationonlyaederalorstateofcialorx1fribalmemberromaregionalx3sherymanagementcouncilcanserveonaRegionalPlanningBody.Neitheracouncilx19sexecutivedirectornoranymemberothepublicappointedtoserveonax3sherymanagementcouncilbytheSecretaryoCommerceiseligibletoserveonthenewlycre-atedRegionalPlanningBodies.Anditheycouldwhatweightwouldoneindividualcarryonatwo-dozen-memberbodychargedwithmanagingalloceanusesinaregionInAlaskaandontheWestCoastthex3shingindus-tryhasconx3denceintheregionalx3sherymanagementprocesscreatedundertheMagnuson-StevensAct.Teregionalx3sherymanagementcouncilsarecomposedostateofcialsaswellascommercialsporttribalandNationalOceanPolicyANewBureaucracyThatCouldCompromiseRegionalFisheriesManagementByStephanieMadsenSTEPhANIEMADSENiscurrentlytheExecutiveDirectorox15theAt-seaProcessorsAssociation.StephaniehasbeeninvolvedintheAlaskaseax15oodindustryx15ormorethan20yearsandservedontheNorthPacifcFisheryManagementCouncilx15orsixyearsx15ourox15thoseasChair.