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PeriodicalsSupplementtoFishermensNewsDecember2013BRIDGEELECTRONICSImmERSIONSuITSByingTieintheIcyBrineNATuRALREFRIGERANTSAnAlternativefortheFtre www.lynden.com1-888-596-3361LyndencannowshipyourfreighttoSoutheastCentralandWesternAlaska.Wereproudtoofferreliableweeklytwice-weeklyandseasonalbargeservicetoportcommunitiesthroughoutAlaska.WhetheryouwanttoshiptoJuneauDutchHarborAnchorageorNomeyourgoodswillarrivesafelyandonschedule.YoucanrelyonLyndentocreateinnovativesolutionstoyourtransportationchallenges.ShippingtoAlaska...Wevegotyoucovered PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews3Winer2013CONTENTSV2i2puBLIShERPeterPhilipspeterphilipspublishing.commANAGINGEDITORChristopherPhilipschrisphilipspublishing.comADvERTISINGSALESBillForslundbillphilipspublishing.com206-284-8285EDITORIALANDADvERTISINGOFFICES2201WestCommodoreWaySeattleWA98199Phone206-284-8285Fax206-284-0391pRODuCTIONKathySamuelsonproductionphilipspublishing.comMarilynEsguerramarilynphilipspublishing.comCONTRIBuTORSRickGreenquistRickHighlandre.comKathleenGleaveskgleaves1msn.comMikeHillersmike.hillerssimrad.comGroTollesrudFjeldgro.tollesrud.jeldmustadautoline.comKathyA.Smithmaritimewritergmail.comPacifcFisheriesReviewispublishedtwiceyearlyasasupplementtoFishermensNewsbyPhilipsPublishingLLC2201WestCommodoreWaySeattleWA98199.PoStmAStERPleasesendaddresschangestoPacifcFisheriesReview2201WestCommodoreWaySeattleWA98199.Copyright2013byPhilipsPublishingLLC.Allrightsreserved.Nopartothispublicationmaybereproducedwithoutthewrittenconsentothepublisher.4EditorialFEAtuRES6BridgeElectronicsFromnavigationtondingshtokeepingyourgearofthebottombridgeandnavigationelectronicscangoalongwaytoensuringagoodcatch.10NaralRefrigeransAnAlernaivefrheFreNaturalrerigerantshavebeenaroundoralongtimeandhavealegitimateroletoplayintheshingindustry.14LnglineAlineSysesDeliveringQaliyandSsainabiliyBaitingcoilingandhandlinglonglinegearwasperormedentirelybyhandorgenerationsuntilautomaticlonglinebaitingsystemsmechanizedthewholelonglineshingindustry.16IersinSisByingtieinheIcyBrineGunnarGuddalisconsideredbymanyastheatherotheImmersionSuitasaetydevicecreditedwithsavingthelivesohundredsinotthousandsomarinersaroundtheworld.24TeFtreofTrawlmonitoringWhiletrawlingmaynotbereeothecontroversythathassurroundedthepracticesincethe14thcenturythetechnologyhaschangeddramatically.28EngineTecnologyManuacturersareinnovatingwithadvancedtechnologiestomakeenginesEPAcompliantwhilemaintaininggoodoperatingcharacteristicsortheenduser.OntheCoverAlaskaLonglineCompanysArcticProwlerdeliveredlastmonthisseenhereleavingtheclimate-controlledassemblyhallatVigorAlaskainKetchikan.PhotocourtesyofVigorAlaska. 4PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsChrisPhilipsManagingEditorBuildingWaves2013wasabigyearothUsbnsnddtnttt.wththvovlptcptnnohohnalknmothn30oldthclndothttottupdnndplcnvl.2013mkdthnnnothttupdththmd-ummdlvnducculthnonothcomwhntonMtnc-ultNorthernLeader.Tn184-ootzlonlnchtndnsttlonJul31tmkddptuomthtpclbnstmplondl-lctcpopulontmponlctczmuthndv.TlothcompltonnddlvothVoalk-ultArcticProwlerhchultnthKtchknhpdnl-compltd70000qu-ootll-thmluldn.FnllthntlcontuctonphothNon-dndBlueNorthhuntDkotCkindutnancotwhntonosttl-dbluNothFh.TFVBlueNorthdmtcdptuomcuntvlnmn.DkotCkvcpdntMkNlonthotmolddhullomqudomtltoomdnNondhppdtothUs.DuncnttouothdthbluNothFhpncplUssntoMCntllcvdthndlooktthnvlndutlmpdththdthndutndthtchnolonvolvdnthvntu.bluNothCeOKnnDonvhppththpoothotndhlvthnduthnthndothhd-chnnncontuctonothbnst.Othnnovtoncomnththnvlncluddllctcpopulontmdvnzmuthndvthcont-ottnpopllndnntnlhulttonmknuomoonpooltolloctookntndht-lv.Tthvlhmnothmupplncludntontmnnndntmnuctunddndnvtonllctonc.somthnmotothupplhPccNothtoopton.Tctonomofcntnvonmntllndlndhntlonnjondconomcnttothhpuldnpndmnupplndutnthon.inthuoPacifcFisheriesReviewlooktomothtmldnullntmnpcdndntlldonthndothvlntnthNothPcch.ChrisPhilipscanbereachedatchrispacmar.com PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews5BuildingtheNextGenerationofBeringSeaVesselsTheBeringSeaFisheriesConferenceisproducedeachspringtoprovideaforumforpolicydiscussionlegislativereviewandeconomicforecastingastheyrelatetotheBeringSeaandDistantWaterfsheries.ThesefsheriespromiseasustainableyieldeconomicvitalityandcontinuedstrongPacifcCoastcommercialfshingindustry.Presentedby2201WestCommodoreWaySeattleWA98199206284-8285www.philipspublishing.comwww.beringseafisheries.comWeinviteyoutojoininthediscussion.BERINGSEAFISHERIESCONFERENCEwww.beringseafisheries.com 6PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsBRIDgEELECtRoNICSNavigationelectronicssuchastheseFurunocombinationchartplotterandfshfndersystemsaremovingmoretowardmulti-unctionMFDdisplaystointegratechartplottingandfshfndingunctions.PhotocourtesyoFuruno.BridgeElectronicsByKathyA.Smith PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews7DeeP-seaCOMMerCialfhnyhtchnuthvnpovndndnvtonctonconodcnoonytonunoodctch.rdMnoctdnbnhmwhntonpotthynotosmdes70oundhchmutpupofhfndthtpovdhhoutonttothtphcoottomdcmnton.itcnconfudouptoxquncndh24houoncnhtoy.rynHysMktnMnythpoductpdthsmdOxcuntyhottm.TOxsmdonnthpottmkt.whhvnthnvtontuonvtonpottthOxdndpmy3Dthymtcntondtodpypott.TOxcnconncttonychooundththNMeadpthoutputndntottomchtonthy.outhnhncthOxfhnpottthsmdes70hckcttoutputthtthOxpocntobottomHdnvu.TOxudtohofhmnthottomcontoundxpoothnookndcnnhfhocmhtvn.TvudpydncooovthtopothymtyndhpovntovyvunomothcfhncudnDunnndstoncotndcopfhnysmdgnMnMkH.FuunowassPoundopoputmtrdMn.itnt3Dmpundnththott120dyHy.Tpoductcmoutcoupoyoutddnttkhodckthnuttttntothpovntouccu.wassPmutmontchnooyoutoquckyfhhoth120dhhoutontpdo700dpthpontpcond.itopovdthtyofhmntochnnoohdnnodthtthycnooundfhotcycpnndnoutn.itopovdfhndtcoumnttn3Ddpy.Ttoquncyoptont160kHznd80kHz.wassPokonwndodytmthtnddPCmoucontonuncton.evnththmonfhydonthyddthyttntomondmocommcfhmnntnqupmntkthhnomytoudntpyotxpnHy.intdopunckntoyndmppnthottomndthpnncndhthnothntthycnonndquckympthtoutndthnuthttooohnthyttnthnknodtovodnnthnt.addtonyonthchtnonteCCglObevctochtndmppovdmppochtochtdpy.PoducdysttectoncChtCompnyincthytmhnumoopton.TnbudmodupovdtmcoohddottomAnwdoo-gtsnsoosm-plagctawldoosbyNOTUSmasusaccuatgtusnganntnalsounddoospadtawlwaplngtanddooanglandtawlwaplngtsmasudtoanaccuacyobtttan0.5mts.AtwokcoutsyoNOTUS.TheALASKADiSTriCTOFTheUSCOASTGUArDwllnowbabltocvullAiScollctoncapabltytankstoxacteatwoscudacontactwttUSCGsCom-mandContolandCommuncatonsengnngCntnSptmb.inpatculatUSCGNatonwdAutomatcidntfcatonSystmNAiSpogamwllbgnwtanntal12-montpojctamdatpovdngandvaluatngSatlltAiSdataacossUSCGDstct17.Naal-tmdatawllbcol-lctdstodowaddandacvdusngmultplsatlltstatcovtgon.Addton-allymantnancsuppotsvcswllbpovddtotUSGC24ousadaysvndaysawk.TManexcangoAlaskawcalsocontactswtxacteatwllbpovdngtUSGCwtAlaskaSatlltAiSDatavaxacteat. 8PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsBRIDgEELECtRoNICSntnnthouthnnc-totthotomthtxcdthtvutnthmnu.TuC-MaP4Dcontntnotonvoutheroutntuuthotoothtkvnchtn3DovnttmndovntchtKuzc.HddNvtonctoncmovnmotodthmut-unctonMFDdpndthunttttpoumovnomtnd-ontm.TdontncudthMFDtunnFuunohhndNvNtkrdutthdotjoonttnothChtPottnndFhFndnunc-ton.youcnvnptthcntohodu-nChtPottdpvnouthttovothhotndonn.Knonhtoutdonoctc.NOUsectoncltd.hdqutdnNoundndCn-ddvopndmnuctutmontontmndhv-tonothtntdontdoondonthtnt.atnducpcdonthhutondtomthnotocommunctcktocomputcnonthdhonthuthu-tm3Domtotht.rcntNOUsntoducdnnotothntpoductn.TnmtDooHhtsn-odvopddutomktdmndomvhnthm-pcdoo.ithdoompctthottomcndmdutnnducdhnfcnc.onupopon-ttonccuthhtunnntnounddoopdtpnthnddoonmud.Doopdccutdntnvonthoppotdoo.pnthmudtonccucottthn0.5mt.anothnohmnhvhdAwirelessmonitoringsystemforAlaskanpurseseinersdevelopedbyNOTUSmonitorsthedepthoftheseineavoidingthebottomandreducingthepossibilityofdamagetothegear.ArtworkcourtesyofNOTUS.mpthtudcontouthvpthtndthautomtcidn-tctonstmhphmndnt-othvnthvcntththcnmndcnonotndcommunctontnotndtohohnn.TpoducthvpovnovvthtthvJmbntnhmPdnt.icommchmnnt-tdntcknupto100vtoncthcnpuchFuunoFar-2117dthtHtrdMnvhmnndvntcuthcnhothhmnmknt.FuunohducdthpconthpopugP1670FndgP1870Fcomntonchtpottndhndtmndnoothound1000.wthpouComoUnttoptonovtootzndththnpcpontthnkcntthmntothhndomocptnJKuzcadvtnCommunctonMn-.bothhv600w1kwFhFndthbottomDcmntonndaccu-Fhtundut-nwassgPsntnn.TbottomDcmntontuhophcdpothoodntnmudndvoock.Taccu-Fhtucndtcthzomounchuptoxtonomvntdptoov300tot.TpoducththcpttoutznddpC-MaP4-Dcht.Tuntoncudnerout-ntuthtutomtccontuctouttntopont.Fhmncnthuvdpontonctdpontothtu.eroutnnzthpthtnthtopontndctout PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews9OutOfThisWorldFishingDetailDownToEarthPriceSeattle206282-8080DutchHarbor907581-1679NaknekSeasonal907246-4493www.HarrisElectricInc.comwww.FurunoUSA.comMarineElectronicsSalesandServiceMarineElectricalContractingShoresideElectricalContractingElectricalpartsandlightingInHouseElectricalEngineerSwitchboardsAlarmPanelsMotorControlCentersPLCControlPanelsandmore...HarrisElectricFurunoareproudtoprovideWASSPsystemsforboththeFVCERULEANandFVARCTICPROWLERprojectsServingtheshingindustrysince19283DViewTrawlMulti-BeamViewTraditionalSounderViewSeaoorProleRulerTheprimaryobjectiveoftheWASSPMultibeamSonaristoenhancetheskippersknowledgeofhisshingenvironmentleadingtoimprovedcatchratesre-ducedgeardamageandmoreproductiveseatime.lotoucceithheenoubottomContctsenoyFnciPottMketingMnge.Tienomonitoitheootgeiontheottom.Codveelinalkhveeenpticullyupiedhootenthegecncomeoottom.additionllyouielemonitoingytemoalknpueeineijutttingtoctchon.Teseinemtemonitothedepthotheeineohenpueeineetiteinethececneconfdentthttheeineechedthepopedepthoneveyet.weknoomexpeiencethttheeinedoentlyechithouldecuethecuentcouldeectingitddPott.rel-timeinomtionoutthedepthotheeineiciticltogoodfhing.Tienolohelpfhemenvoidhngingupontheottomhicheducedmgetothege.WileavingalltenavigationeaturesoanavigationplotterteOlexplotterbySimradservesasa3Dbatymetricgeneratorandstoragedisplayplottertosowfsermentebottomcontoursandexposeallotenooksandcrannieswerefsorcrabmigtbeliving.ArtworkcourtesyoSimrad.KAtHyA.SmItHisa19-yearreelancewriterbasedinVictoriaBritisColumbiawitmoretan60publisedarticlesinnewspapersandmagazinesacrossNortAmerica.herinterestintemaritimeindustryasresultedinarticlespublisedinUSandinternationalfsingandmaritimetradejournals. 10PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsREFRIgERAtIoNreFrigeraNs.ludtoompuntthoddhpoozondptoncmdumtonnoutnvonmntcttoph.Fotntomodthouhconuononomtonoutthozonutvotpotctonndnndpdopc-mntnt.Tpotcopnonndnnoutthhucotthtthnkndoudhvtotodohtht.Noookuphdctchhtothtpcuunnopnmdoonckntthhnd-uondntthtcncommthnocnhvpcndpoptndcnmovodthcondnc.butnonotcnhdnNturnt.NturntaoukddnmithontonothJuthtntuntathontohthpntathontoddutn-ttooutontmoonutnnnodnvonmntdcuonTuontuntctudcuonovomvodntththvnoundoontm.youvmthothmnononothndthhvtmtotopnthhnndut.Mkmodthcommjopnoodpocnndcodtotonnthcomn.Hnnttnqutonndnonththpouundtndthunvovnntomnnvonmntndnfcncpontov.QImalwaysskepticalothewordslikenaturalorsus-tainable.Itseemslikethesewordshavebecomeoverusedclichs.WhatdoyoumeanbynaturalrerigerantsaFtithoukptcmovthuontuthpcttontchmc.Ttconnctontontuthtctnnthvnthdpotontthkntothnvonmnt.Tntukdonndthpoductodcompotonnothmunthqunttthtoucnxpctomvndpdunt.Ttnotvon.whnouhthodntuntthncpmtommonpopnndcondoxd.QIunderstand.Couldyoustartwithammoniawhatmakesthisanaturalrerigerantayoucnthtmmonntucutoccuntu-ndnmpotntptoounvonmntoo.Onthothhndtnndutchmcthtnthzomthntonnoutmophndhdonomntu.ittoxcnvhhconcnttonndnoconcn-ttonttnvpunntodo.itnd-ntnmn.Fomnnvonmntpcttmotpctntcutpunntodoocthpok.itochmcthtvtndothtontmutdonottvonoutdothnvonmnt.atddtdonotpoducnhmupoductodcompoton.itnnotutdoundnpoputdcutpunntodottcththdmttonndpomutonthvntontmophc.invhhvoumtcomundthcutnoOsHandePa.Tktommonothutunnnovtonthtducthvoumothchnthtmthmtnthoccuncondthtumocudtmophc.QOKhowaboutpropaneitisagreatuelorthebarbecuebutwhatqualifespropaneasanaturalrerigerantaitnttnthtpopnhmdtontothtontuhnoucondthtothmmuNaturalRerigerantsAnAlternativeortheFutureByRickGreenquist PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews11sstthturnoth20thcnturwrctuthprcursorstothnon-mmbhocrbonsFrons.inthsrrsomchncrrrtoncomprssorshtsswrmuchdrntromthosotodthshtshdtobmontordsvrtmsdndthtndshtstwordown.youcnswhmmbrrrntswrconsdrdtobsomuchmordnrousnthosrdsndwhthrsrchwstondwsochnnthchmstrtomkthsussnon-mmbhncthhocrbons.Tsdsmostpropncomprssorsrothhrmtcvrtwththmotorndcomprssornthsmhousn.Trrnosktssndconnctonsrbrzd.Trsvrttchncork.Propnsvrfcntrrrntrombothmchn-cndnrstndpontndthscthsowdthtchno-otomovtowrdutrowchrqunttswhrkswbovrowconsqunc.itsmostususrrrntnrrrtorsndsmrcondtonrsorhoushodcommr-cndshpbordus.ithsbcomvrcommonnthsppctonsneurop.asrstsnturcrdntstsvrstbnsdothrrrtonsstmndoncxposdtothnvronmnttoxdzsnbnnwntocrbondoxdndwtr.Tonusnpropnnsmsstmsstomnmzthchrndtomntntonsourcswthnthrrrtoncvts.Trrsomsvrcodrstrctonstoovrcomborpropnwvrbcomnccptbrrrntnhhvo-umsstmsorthobvousrsonommbt.HowvroruturshpbordsstmsthtusqudptroumslPgudpropusonmnothsdnrswhvrdbnmttdnthuhndnsstmssothnrfcncsthtcnbchvdwthpropnmbvbnmdumtohhvoumsstmstsompontnthutur.Qhowaboutcarbondioxide.Itougttatteglobalwarm-ingcontroversywasallaboutcarbondioxide.ButnowwearegoingtouseitasarefrigeranthowdoescarbondioxidemakeitontotenaturalrefrigerantrosteraTtsvroodqustonndtwtksomxpnnnordrtopptoourcommonsnsFrstoCO2bcmonothrstrrrntsusdnroznoodtrnsport.TsodormoCO2drcwsstockdnspcdsndtrnsportrcrsorhunro-znoodsondstncs.locroznooddvrssousddrcsthrrrnt.TnturbsbsdonthrccbtoCO2tmosphrcCO2stknupbrnpntsndconvrtdntohdrocrbonstobudthrphsccuosstructurmonothrthns.inthnturqunttsthtoncbncdoutninteseaoodndustylowtempeatueCO2egeatonastsgeatesteectneducedeezetmeswenusedwtdoublecontactplateeezeslketeonessownntepotogap.MostgqualtyplateeezemanuactuesaleadyaveaselectonountsdesgnedspecfcallyoCO2egeaton.Potocoutesyohglandregeaton. 12PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsREFRIgERAtIoNtheenvronmentCO2ddnotcuehrmuormn.HoeverehveeenproducnrmoreCO2thntkenupndconvertedreenpnt.wehveoureveockednthtruetopucronupromoeendcomnendpumptntothetmopherentheormocrondoxdeeextrctenerorourpoerpnttrnportennendotherhdrocronueurnnprocee.sonoereontoekCO2ntothetmopherendcontrutetoormnwethetruthCO2erethedomnntrererntthetotoqunttoCO2rererntoudnotcompreththedproductonoCO2romoue.TeormnuethrepecttorererntprmrththehocrontheFreon.Tenehocronrererntthtdonthrmtheozoneerthveormnpotentndthethverontmopherce.ForexmpeounormnpotentgwPnumero1tocrondoxdeothtoucncom-pretthotherutncehooudtheotherrererntookthrepecttotherormnpotentlettkeooklooktthegwPderenceeteenthenturrerer-ntndthenthetcdoouetthepontTereonthtthereomuchconcernovertheehocronchemcthedepredeethtormnctndthtmn-mdechemcrecontrutntotheproem.wehveemntedozonedepetnhocronutnottheormnue.Teproemthteventhenehocronhveontmophercendthehvenoodorhchmenthtekdontetfxed.incttheenetmtedthtthevererocertorehocronFreonrerertontemek20-25percentotrererntchrepererConderthtctonocethtmequnttorererntekencrondoxdererernttoudennnfcntcontrutortoormncompredtoueurnnemon.butthtqunttnhocronmotmuch4000tmethtocrondoxdeQWowThatreallydrivesthepointhomeayetdoewhetherornotoureeththeorm-nchooothouhtoucnnotdenthtthehuemountoontnmn-mdechemconntothetmophereduntnproemOntheotherhndoureeoodndutrhporhorepntoneroucnovercometheormnpoten-tothehocronkeepnourtemtht.Unketherocertoreouredempoqufedmechncmn-tenncetndthehoudetrontkedthzeroekpoc.Ttmenthtekdetectonmnuoper-tonthtmuteconductedoncontnuou.Hocronreretrererntthepnmportntroenoodproducton.Tehvehdonhtornthndutrndtheremnorontmentotheutureecuethehveomedtnctdvnteovermmon.Hocronrenottheproemtheproemnhoethnkoutmntennce.QWhatkindoCO2systemsaretypicallyusedinthefshingindustryaanndutrormrneCO2rerertontemoroodreeznopertonccdetemththeotempertureCO2temopertnttemperturetpcnthe-58F-50Cndcondenntround20F-7C.TehhdetpcnmmontemcoontheCO2condener.Te-58F-50CnotnrtrrnumerutrepreenteRICKgREENQuIStanapplicationsnginwithiglandrigationbganiscaintfsingindustyunloadingkingcabinDutchaboAlaskaintmid70sbutquicklydiscovdtatistucallingwastmcanicalaspctotsaoodindustyspcifcallymcanicaligation.rickastaugtclasssasanadjunctinstuctotougtSattlCommunityCollgMainTainingCntandtougtDutchaboAlaskacaptorigatingenginsandTcniciansAssociation.hisocusintlasttwodcadsasbninmcanicaldsignoigationsystmslctoniccontolsandngyfcincy.hcanbacdatickigland.comRefRigeRantClassifiCationgWPr-717ammonianatual0r-290popannatual3.3r-744CO2natual1r134Aautomobilssyntticalocabon1430r-22nowcontolldsyntticalocabon1800r-404Ar-22placmntsyntticalocabon3920 PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews13lowtempertureorCO2thtvodslowtemperturerethtputsthess-temndnerduetodrceormtonnthelowsdeppn.Teresonthttheselowerreezntemperturesremportntsecuseoncresedproductonwththesmeequpmentnctthererereportso25to27ncresenproductonnpltereeznsstemsopertnt-58F-50Ccompredto-40F-40C.TeCO2NH3cscdesstemhsslhtdvntenenerefcencncom-pressorndrererntpumpnpowerovertwo-stemmonsstem.anothermethodolowtemper-tureCO2rerertonstouseCO2ssecondrrererntvoltlerneouwll.inthssstemtwo-stemmonsstemchllersopertedt-48F-44CwthchlledCO2levntempertureo-40F-40C.TeCO2lqudrererntsthenpumpednthenormlshonouttothereezers.TsCO2voltlernesstemhsoutthesmeenerefcencstheCO2NH3sstem.bothtpesoCO2sstemshvethedvnteolowernthemmonchreoroutthesmeenercost.inotherwordswthCO2oucnncreseproductonlowernthereezntempertureoroutthesmecoststwo-stemmonsstem.Pluswthwell-desnedCO2sstemoumeletolowerthetotlmountommonnoursstemtothepontovodnthereultorcostsssoctedwthhvnmorethn10000poundsommonnoursstem.TedsdvnteswthCO2rer-ertonCO2componentsrecompr-tvelexpensve.Prceswllcomedownovertmesthetechnolomturesndmoremnucturerscompeteorshreothemrket.aseconddsdvntesthtlowtempertureCO2sstemswlllwsrequreseprtecompressororderostopertons.Tesecondcompressorcn535124thAveNWSeattleWA98107Tel206-784-2562Fax206-784-1986FishingVesselsintheNorthPacificandBeringSeaPassengerVesselsfromPugetSoundtoSoutheastAlaskawww.pacificfishermen.comShipshapeSeaworthylsoctsswnmchnetoddlowtempcpctutecusewrmtemper-turevporsnotvlleontheCO2sdeseprteCO2compressoropert-nthherdschrestemperturemustenstlledorthtpurpose.QWhataresomeoftheothercondi-tionsinvolvedwithCO2ForexampleIhearthatCO2isalwaysreportedasbeingasaferefrigerantsinceitisnon-toxic.IsntthisamajoradvantageoverammoniaagoodpontyesmostproponentsoCO2rerertonlketoexpoundonthenontoxcpropertesoCO2.innormltmosphercconcentrtonsCO2snon-toxc.Howevernthequn-ttesndpressuresthtrepresentnCO2rerertonlekcnresultnCO2concentrtonthtsqutetoxc.ahhconcentrtonoCO2nthercnleveenouhoxentosupportleutcndsrupttheCO2exchnenthelunstothepontoputtnlenperl.addtothsthectthtCO2hsnopenetrtnodormensthtevenmjorleksmnotesel-lrmn.ammo-nontheotherhndssel-lrmn.alowlevellekssorrttnthttutomtcllwrnsoccupntsndencouresevcuton.oesurellrererntsthtusevporcompressonrehzrdoustousensomemnnerornotherthererenoexceptons.ihopethtthsdscussonhshelpedrntolhthowthemjorrererntsthtweuseploutromnenvronmentlpontovew.itsnmportntssueecuseconventonlenvronmentlthouhtecomesenv-ronmentlpolcndenvronmentlpolcmpctsourcostodonusness.ammonrerertonwlllwseretselectonormedumtolre-scleplnts.Propnewllecomevercom-monorsmlltomedumszedppl-ncesndperhpslrersstemsntheuture.CO2wllecomenordlemjorpleroncetheCO2rerertonndustrmtures. 14PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsLoNgLINEAutoLINESyStEmSbaiiNgCOiliNgaNDHaNDliNgonnpomdntyyhndontonuntutomtconntnytmncudnthMutdautonsy-tmmchnzdthhoonnfhnndutynthy1970.odydntytmhndthntpocomtnttnthnhunthnhookcn-nndtooth.Tutothmchnztonncudnncnthnumohooktndhudo-ntnvoptonndctchoxcntquty.Tdddnfthvhddmtcctonthfh-mnottomn.anxmpo-cautonytmthDpsytmyMutdnyntdonvo70tndonthttypcytndhu30-80000hookdyondtntfhnound.ShinandHalinwhnthftuoyndnchothonovodthnpudomthtomznthouhthtnmchn.Ttoptdndovnyc-mnutomtcycutthttptznddoutthhookothotovthtn.Tttnpdcnvytn6nd10knot3-6hookpconddpndnonthpcntnthhook.auyutomtcnttputhnthouhthtnmchntcontntpd.Thootnpocndtnpomncmontodomthhhouthcomputdcontonddttoytmdndoutonn.EfcienHalinIncreasesPrfsbymnonhuthnhudovondthouhhookcn.Tfhmovdomthhooknontothhookcnndthhookndnpthouhthhookcn.rottnuhcnthhookndtthnothouhthoutdmnf.Thookndnthnuhdthhh-put.antvynchonzdththnhukpcontnttnononthtopvntckndptthouhudtutothhookptompynthhunpoc.Thopocmontodomthhhouththcomputdcontonddttoytm.Thookptochookndnomthoundnndconvythmontotomzn.Thookp-tooptmutnouyththnhundconvythnomthhutothtomzn.Toundnpudoundhvhthhookpckdupythtudthmontomznhdmdhookcnthtndopcd.Hookndnthncon-vydontotomzn.ABeerWaFishautonnonothmotnvonmntyndyfhnmthodonompctonthcoytmndnohmtothd.lonnctvundntzohooknddnttndutnnthythtyounvtkmothnyoucnhnd.Ctchnfhyhookndnodvhh-qutypoduct.whnthfhhudonodthtvondthnoquznndhdmchncmpctonthfh.Tdnpoccnttmmdtyutnnhtndfmfththtuctuothmucntct.AecinheBLineinthhhvumktthdmndon-cuhtfhncn.accodntothNoninttutoFoodFhndaqucuturchNOFiMathFhChpmktdmndndvupuhtfh.supm-ktneuopkMkspncdnthythpcdnto49pcnton-cuhtpoducto-LonglineAutolineSystemsDeliveringQualityandSustainabilityByGroTollefsrudFjeld PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews15loedbyCoopth32pecentndwtoeth30pecentpcencee.inceedqulty-concounemongcutomeequetcebltyothehghqultylnecughth.Teholeup-plychneothuendtheyeokngtomple-menttckngolutonotheentehndlngpoce.PrevalencefAlininautolnngtodypctcedpmlynthemotNoth-enhempheehngbottomhtehuchcodndhddock.inddtontothealkheeNoegnru-nndicelndcteemjoutolneopeton.intheantctcethehghlyvlublePtgonnoothhmotlycughtbyutolnetheepeceeoundnveydeepteheeutnblehngpctceekeycto.Onlyome200veelecondeeddeep-elonglnebuttheefcencyotheehpnceethmodenztonotheeetndequpmenteeveelebletoctchthelgevolume.Tepoltcldveomoeutnblehngpedththenceedmketopemumqultyhexpectedtoeultnmoeutolnectvtygloblly.inalktheecentetuctungothequotytemomaCtotllloblectchtondvdulndtneblequotheultedneducednumbeoveel.inetuntheeehngllye.inthpectthedubltyelbltyndccetopeptemoectclthneve.MoeovetheneetnventonnutolnngelobengdptedntheUseetndnumbeoneveelhvejutletthehpydeundecontuctonontheplnnngpocenlong-oveduemodenztonpogmnhchtheutolneytemuetoplykeyole.DurngsatralsthcrwothNorthernLeaderrcntlydlvrdtoLadrFshrsbyTacomaWashngtonsJ.MMartnacShpbuldnghadthopportuntytotstaMustadSP2000hooksparatorsnhrhaulngthgarbacknorthfrsttm.PhotocourtsyoMustad.gRotoLLEFSRuDFjELDMrs.FjldsthintrnatonalMarktngManagratMustadLongln.ShhasftnyarsoxprncnthfshngndustryhavngprvouslyworkdnthxportofshhookstoSouthrneuropArcaandthMddleast. 16PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsSuRVIVALSuItSiNHelae1800fhnvntdonnNor-ytknthntrcrthtncudngunnrguddthdr.in1928gunnrguddthyounrornnNoryndnmdorhrndthr.Tnmnprovdprophtc.odyguddcondrdymnyththrothimmronsuttydvccrdtdthvnthvohundrdnotthoundomrnrroundthord.gunnrmovdromhntvNoryyounmnttnnsttndrunnnfhnqupmntuppyu-n.syhduhtrKrguddHtnkrrndckyrdnvntoryooknornproductorhnofhnndotnqupmnt.inthry60htrtdork-nththdvndutryhchpqudhntrtndvopnomthnorfhrmnthtcoudkpthmrmnddrynthtrjutkthdvrutdd.bymd-dcdhuccddndvopnhprototyputynrnthdvutdn.whnrtonoakntvfhrmnhdncovrnromnmd-drtokpthmdrynthtrndthUsmtryhdtyporcuutnwwiiguddthfrtunvr-zdurvvutdndornru.ituhrdnthrothmodrnmmronut.Torndnorkdonnguddmnthrhocconyudthmyrzrtottrcndutourthyddntcomrttnthcod.whnthfrtutrrdyorcodtrttnguddrcrutdvrohrhout.Typutonthutndurdthppctonorotmprturprondpntxhournncypootourthudmddntkndthyrtortnomthncotonormodytmprtur.Tyrpdthpzz.tntodymorroroundujctrttrpd.wththuccothprototypguddoundcomp-nynbrmrtontonproductonothimprimmronsut.Hhnddthrouhhcompnynsttintryr.Timprrmnonothtoprndoutodord-d.TfrtrtothodrrnthNorths.syKrwudtofrpnthutndythmtothNorths.sutncrdquckyhnNornmr-tmuthortrqurdthmoncommrchp.Onoudthnkthtthpromourvvnhprckoudhvmrnrtnpthtogudddoorutthtntthcnthnnn.TUsCotgurdntntrtdnthproductndtooknotptomndtthruuntthry90.gudddmontrtdthutttrdhoyputtnyounKrnthutndhvnhrotndnpoo.whnthtddntorkhvnvthuttofhrmnorrjuttotrythmout.Fhrmnrntntrtd.Trprcptonthtthyddntnttourvvthcodonytotrvtodthotntorvr.Tnknotovn1974nd75thvrydr-ntoutcomchndthpynfd.TFVCrystalSnknthbrnsndhrotppdovrnhvythrvnthcrhnnontothcrppdrtncytr.antthoddthyurvvd.Tntrcrcrdtdthrmmronutorvnthrv.Ftnmonthtr29crmmrordthmhtyEdmundFitzgeraldpr-hdhnthhpnknlksupror.TFitzgeraldImmersionSuitsBuyingTimeintheIcyBrineByKathleenGleavesraytheonindustescewtanngnthewate. PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews17ddnotcrryurvvlut.Unonwork-rprottdthlckowhtwnowprcvdncrytyr.Tyrudtoocktoworkuntlurvvlutwrmdvlloncommrclcrovl.stllfhrmnrhrdyunchndvnthouhthrproonltdonothmotdnrounthworldthytllddntwnttooth-rdwththut.butyKrwthmlthrwvdd.andguddloundhmrktnnch-llnthwvonthdowhthcllduy-nroundtrptckt.Ovrthyrthguddlmlycollctdhundrdothnkyoucrdrompoplwholvwrvdythut.Mnyothmttnddguddlunrln2006toxprthrrttudorhmndhnvnton.CharacteristicsMotutrcontructdo58-nchlyronoprnxlclod-cllrur-lkomcompoundcovrdonothdwththnlyronylonrctoprotctthom.smrldwthlutonurntlk.TzpprthkytourvvlyKrlmnrorsurvtcsurvvlproduct.itmutwtrproo.TornlzpprdnwdvlopdorNasandmdygrmncom-pny.itcontotworowotthwthlyronoprntwnchtoothmkntlk-proo.TouhmotutunoprnthMutnsurvvlCompnylohpolyurthncotdproductwthp-rtnnrlnrorwrmth.KnownthOcnCommndrthuttklonrtodonutttrutdorudur-nnormlworknctvt.itmorxlhrmovlhoodndft-tdootndlov.atovr1000tmorthntwcthprcothnoprntylutprrrdyomwhondtowrtorlonworknhourondck.Trrourczdultmlldultunvrlnddultlrpluchldz.stuckrcolorcoddtondctthz.syKrproudlywtrtdputtnourlrznrnorydntfctonndthrtothndutryollowd.evntullythndutryttldonour-colorchmtodntychznotthrouhru-ltonutymutulrmnt.sutmutprovdottonwll.Mutnuthvottonpllowtthckothhdndupportthodynpronpotonnldtothhorzon.imprluottonturoundthchtthtkpthhdndTheimperalmmersonsutorgnallydevelopedbyGunnarGuddalsnowmarketedbySurvtec.PhotocourtesyofSurvtec.TheMustangOceanCommanderaddsapolyurethanecoatngforwearresstanceasfull-tmedeckwear.PhotocourtesyofMustangSurvvalCompany. 18PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsSuRVIVALSuItSEveryyearaSealesmariieFesivaleascopeeinheSrvivalSiRace.teaeberslineponadockahecrackofhesarerspisoleaeberssrleinoheirsisdiveinhewaerswiacrossashorsrechofwaeroawaiinliferafandclibin.theclocksopsickinwhenhelasansfeeareoofhewaer.thefasesiewinsbrainrihsforheyear.PhoosbyKahleengleaves. PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews19www.NicholsBoats.com5400CameronRd.FreelandWA98249360331-5500ExpertBoatBuildersSteelAluminumVesselConstructionRepairsMajorConversionshouderbovetheterurce.sutrebrhtorneorredorbettervbtytorecu-er.Teymutohvehtehtndreectvemrker.whensOlasmdemmeronutmndtorythereureonecompnejumpnntothemrketromanmnucturer.Motothenecomerhveoneev-nimpertherndtheroutndMutnndsterntheprmrydometcmnucturertody.Regulaionsin1991theUsCotgurdbenrequrncommerchptocrrytheutprtotherevner.Onomemerhptherequrementorthreeutneveryert.odyveemutcrryoneutperperonmnmum.in2006sOlasreutonrequredthemonMerchntMrneveeroundtheord.shpbordnpectontodychecktobeuretheutrepreentbutthtdoenturnteetheyretherhtzeorhvebeenproperymntned.aCotgurdNViCn2008preentedudeneornpectonndtetnoonbordutbuttnotrequrement.intheendtnererbetnterettocheckhorheronutortnduncton.tesingUnkegudderytetnmethodtodyUnder-rterlbortoryreponbeortetntotndrdetbyboththeUsCotgurdndsOlasreuton.Usmdeutretetedbyvehumnheorenmdeutretetedthmnkn.etnrequreubjectbefxedthbodytempertureprobendpend6hourn0-deree-cent-rdeter.TercoretemperturecnnotdropmorethntodereeC.wtereepentotheutmeuredndcnnotexceedtocup.PrtotheUltetnrequre22poundobuoyncytovemnmumo120mmoreebord.inddtonubjectmutbebetojumpntothetercmbddermndcmbntoertheerntheut.sutrecodcyced-repetedyrozenndrmed-tobeuretheydontcrck.Teyreokednondmetetede.BlueNorthcongratulatesbothAlaskanLeaderFisheriesonthedeliveryoftheNorthernLeaderandAlaskaLonglineCo.onthedeliveryoftheArcticProwler.Thankyouforyourcontributionsanddedicationtotheindustry.www.bluenorth.com 20PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsSuRVIVALSuItSRefitoRNewBuildWhetheryouneedtomakeyourfshingvesselmoreefcientwithareftorconstructanallnewpurpose-builtshipVigorhasyoucovered.1.855.ViGoR99ViGoRiNdustRial.CoMsalesViGoRiNdustRial.CoMseVeNexteNsiVefaCilitiesOregOnWashingtOnalaskaseeusatPaCifiCMaRiNeexPoBootH333mainenancerckPtontnngcoodn-tooalkMnstyeductonaoctonaMseaypopmn-tnncncludwxngthzppndchckngopnhollkyopngthutthnpumpngntotndlookngoul.rutonthzppmutttdpomptlyndthuthouldolddnttuckongultonucckdontdvloplongoldln.Tmplctotyngonthutnnullynucwmmmm-howtodotndthtthuttllftodchngzndhpwthg.Poplymntndutcnlt10-15yutnmpoplytodomn-tndutcndtottodngouttnjutcouploy.bcupopmntnncoctcltohowwllthutwokPt-onchownutwthhmwhnhodvl.JutlkkydvwhopckhownchutPtondonttuthponltynduvvltonyonl.traininin1998thCommclFhngVlstyactqudthtdllconductdmonthlyonllfhngot.TUntdsttMnstyao-ctonjondwthaMseatodvlopcuculumndtn-th-tnpo-gmtomtthtqumnt.aMseanon-poftognztonddctdtopulcductonocold-wttytchtycouthtncludputtngonthuvvlut.stu-dntmutlntodonthuttmngoomwhn30cond.Tylntodonthmonodthv-lndnthwt.althoughgttngntothutwhldypltmpotnttoknowhowtodonthutnthwt.inddtontofhmnthylotchchoolkdndthgnlpulcthezipperishekeyosrvivalsaysKarigddalsalesanaerforSrviecSrvivalprodcs.Isbewaerproof. PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews21KAtHLEENgLEAVEShas12yearsoexperienceinaviationandmaritimesecurityandemergencymanagementandownsandoperatesanemergencymanagementfrminSeattlespecializinginthemaritimeindustry.outcod-wtuvvndthuout.accodntoJDzunDc-tooaMsean200000pophvtknaMseauvvuttn-nndthncduvvtnaknwthowthttwokn.sncthFhnVstactqudhpodtnnthnumovothmndcontntovthutthdththvdoppddmtc.itudtonwwhnotnkndthcwuvvdwththut.buttodKxpndtjutxpctd.itnotnwnmo.SurvivalTocconpotopopwnutotnohouwhnuponchnduvvnodnowzncondtononcud.HowvTutcntdotD.JnnlnconDctoothakPccofcoNiOsH.youtchncouvvutndt.lnconwhoPhDdttonnvovdtudnndcompnuvv-dthoundthtuvvvntmmokouwnutthnnottntmmokouhvwokntnd213tmmokouhvoth.rptdthxpttthtnddtontoutndtthwtovcomponnt.KguddumtupwthpmtchuiouhvuvvuttndnePirbtckndnjothdvntuouwvtocud.IntegratedMarineSystemsIMS800.562.1945www.IMSpacifc.comwww.wescold.comVisitUsNovember2022BOOTH1013RemovableHatchMountBlastFreezerBLASTFREEZEBlastFreezeorlowesttemperatures35-toncondenserforchillingbrineblastfreezingsystemsComBinATionSySTEmSUsedual-temperatureequipmenttofshorcrabtunasalmonmore50HPself-containedelectricRSWCHiLLDeliverqualityreshproduct18-tontitaniumelectricbrinefreezingsystemBRinEFREEZEBrineFreezeorquickresults 22PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewstRAWLmoNItoRSTrawliNgFOrFisHnefcentytocptuethevoumeneededtouppythedemndoeood.Hoevetnequebncebeteenhtcnbecptuedndhtebethnpctce.itnteytochevethb-ncendeechebothpvtendovenmenteok-nhdtopovdetheequpmenttomontotbehvonnttempttoezethbnce.Potcyehventcomeonyomthtncontoveyn1367nvovnondyechun.Whereincreeksandhavensotheseathereusedtobeplen-teousshingtotheprototheKingdomcertainshermenorseveralyearspasthavesubtilycontrivedaninstrumentcalledwon-dyrechaunthegreatandlongironothewondyrechaunrunssoheavilyandhardlyoverthegroundwhenshingthatitdestroysthefowersothelandbelowwaterthereandalsothespatooystersmusselsandothershuponwhichthegreatshareaccustomedtobeedandnourished.Bywhichinstrumentinmanyplacesthesher-mentakesuchquantityosmallshthattheydonotknowwhattodowiththemandthattheyeedandattheirpigswiththemtothegreatdamageothecommonotherealmandthedestructionothesheriesandtheypreyoraremedy.Ontheothehndthumentntneethe.In1863aRoyalCommissionwasestablishedinGreatBritaintoinvestigatetheaccusationsagainsttrawlingamongothercom-plaints.Oneotheargumentspresentedbythedeensewasawit-nesswhowhenaskedwhatoodsheatrepliedTereiswhenthegroundisstirredupbythetrawl.Wethinkthetrawlactsinthesamewayasaploughontheland.Itisjustlikethearmerstillingtheirground.Temoreweturnitoverthegreatsupplyooodthereisandthegreaterquantityoshwecatch.TeRoyalCommissionalsonotedthatwhenatrawlerharvestsanareaalreadyharvestedbyanothertrawlerthesecondtrawlerusuallycatchesevenmoreshthantherst.Tiswasinterpretedasasignothebenevolenceotrawlerswheninactthehighsecondyieldiscausedbyhowthedestructioninfictedontheareabythersttrawlerresultsinanabundanceodeadanddyingorganismswhichtemporarilyattractsscavengingsh.Technoocyehvecomevey.athouhnunde-tndnohedopebdeeephntodoooneetc.ueuhendennndmountntenoievethetnddootechnooytoothendocuontheeectoncnvovedntmonton.trawlingtrawlmniringandheFuureftrawlmniringByMikeHillers PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews23Hisoryoftrawlmonioringrlmonitoringhlongeenprtothetrlingexperience.Oervingerndhineonthedoorndchinihooneknoichngetotheriggingneedtoemde.whilethiiter-the-ctinormtionititkenintoconid-ertiononthenexttondhoryereencriticlhenettingupnetrlornetrldoor.Numeroudierentexperimentintrlmonitoringhvetkenplceincethedventotrlingutinthemid-1960coupleocom-pnieroughtproductionproducttomrketdeignedtomonitorthetrl.Teeproducteredeignedtohonphotohtienteringthemouthothenet.Teeytemereothire-lend3rdireytem.Tenphotpicturetthehe-dropeonlyhomllportionotheentirenetopeningutgiverel-timeindictionotheditnceromthehe-dropetotheootropeorottomndide-llyhofhinthiopening.Tiintlotoinormtionutinconjunctionithoervtionothehineondoororchintrlmodifctionndriggingchngecnemoreccurtelymde.Ctchindictorerethenextenortoedevelopedndtheeereneededtonotover-fllthetrl.TeereneceryintheNorthatlnticbluewhitingndMckerelfheriendthealknPollockfherietovoidgerdmge.suequentlyctchindictorreuedinotherfherietoincreetheproductqulity.FihermenonttoorhourithhlullghenhulingdumpingndreettingillincreetheObservngwearandshneonthedoorsandchansshowoneknowsalbetafterthefactfchangestothetrawlrggngneedtobemade.illustratoncourtesyofSmradFsheres. 24PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewstRAWLmoNItoRSvueothepoduct.wedctchndctoeetedftndeenotucceduetothecbnomhedopetocodendbentnednhtmeothedeckce.aeuteecoutcenoeedenedthtcommunctedomthecodendtotheeceveonthehedope.Teedeneomthete1970ndeonodevcefxedntothemeheothecodendtoteonhenthemehtetche.Ttypeobnyctchenocededuetothehpetnuetody.Tedenympendodecdehneedednompovementothethnbtteyehchhdvncedntepthdeveopmentnbtteytechnooy.Te1980bouhtdvncementneetechnooythdoopedenotempetuenddeptheno.Ontheeeontthebetdvncementntpotonn.TduetoncenyccutelOraNCndthengPsytemntheheehouendthedeveopmentosmdptbemtechnooy.sptbemtechnooyoedonnemeuementbenotheenoncomnomthetndhencombnedthpecetmnotheenonthenetotheeno.Teeutonendbennethettudeontudeothethchcnbedpyedoenttopotte.Tytemcedtheiintetedtntumenttonconfmedfhe-menknoedethtbothucendubecuenthvenmpctontn.sucecuentcncuetheveetocbndubecuentcnpuhthetntoethndetuton.Ocouettookvvyfhemennotmetouethknoedetothedvntepcnthetheetheyntedthemonedencevendjutooeckockpendothehn.Onthe3dedeopoductdeveopmentthetonevoutonzedtfhee.Tepevou3deytemeeechooundeonthehedopethtpovdedWiRelessWlsssystmslyonanacoustclnkomtsnsolocatonontnttoaydopontullmountdontvsslodploydovtsdonapaavan.Wlsssystmsgnallyavlowovallsystmcostbutcannotandlagatamountodataandapontonosystuatons..vsslnosoougwat.sonaRSONArstandsoSOundNavga-tonAndrangngandapplstoanydvcoanmalcapablotsunctonowvncommcalsngSONArascomtomanadvctatsmultdctonalandstablandeChOSOUNDersndatomtdown-soundsoundmansdownlookng.MostmanuactusconomtotsnomallablngscmaltougsomadtotomalSONArdnton.Toctvlyfytdoosotbottomtsusultoavasnsotatgvstsmanbottdoogtotbottomandtdoosollangl.illustatoncoutsyoSmadFss.Wnopatnganytawlncludngtwntawlsgomtysnsoslpnsutntsasquatoyldmaxmumcncy.illustatoncoutsyoSmadFss. PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews25nrroconvothtrl.in1986smrdponrdthrlsonrhchgvthhr360-dgrvrtcllcothntthbottomndhndoutdbovblondtothdothnt.Tormntondhngrlovblndllodthhrmntoplchnthrthhrloctdthoutntdmg.Othrcompnoonollodththrtrlonrmodlndthndutrybn-ttdmotndutrdoromcomptton.wththdvntothtrlonrmultdrctonlthctorggngchngrmmdtlyvblndtrlngfcncygncntlyncrd.Thpothntopnngjudgdbymnyhrmntobthkytojudgdploymntndhnguccctchndctortrggrngconrmton.Dvlopmntobothrlnd3rdrytmcontnudthroughth1990thrnmnt.3rdronrdvlopdtoncludhorzontllcthlmtducc.Tgolongthtrldoorchvd.Trnghdroptodooronlyllodvrylmtdctontobtknonthprtothhrmnndytmthtddllohtrgttobvdmultnoulyromthhdropndonthhullmountddon-oundrromhtlrgndrqurdlrgguyondckorthuodckcrn.Onothobtcltofcnttrlnghbnthbltytodtrmnthtrltongqur.am-rggdormproprlydploydtrlllnothprop-rly.somyrgotdtrmndthtNMFhdbntrlngthmm-urdtrlrndthcontrovryknonocourtrlgttllrontnthNenglndr.Mnucturrotrlntrumnttonhvtrdoryrtodvlopnorthtllmurhoqurtrlhng.Pruronthtrldoorortnononthrgvomvludothdrctonothtrotthhdrop.Coax3rdwresystemscommuncatevaacoaxcablethatconnectsthesensorreceverontheheadropetotheelectroncsnthewheelhouse.Theterm3rdwredervesromtwotrawlwresonetoeachdoorandthecommuncatoncablebengthethrdwrenthewater.A3rdwrecantransmttremen-dousamountsodata.Astrawlmontorngbecomesmoreandmoremportanttotrawlefcencyby-catchavodancehabtatmpactandanncreasenproductqualty3rdwresystemsarebecomnganecessty.Owngtotheneedorawnchwthslprngsandupto3500metersocablea3rdwresystemsmorecostlythanwreless.Wthtrawlsonartheeectsorggngchangesaremmedatelyvsblencludngtheshapeothenetopenngandtheresultsarecommuncatedvacatchndcators.illustratoncourtesyoSmradFsheres. 26PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewstRAWLmoNItoRSidllythprurtnonqulportndtrordndlodllythtro180drtothdrctonotrvl.inttctutonthprurtnonortromurmnthvrlvluhovrhnthrrcurrntprntthtrlpuhdndkdndthtrldtort.adtortonntrlncntlyrducthhrdnltyothtrlndhcnmrhtovrthplnorrhtthrouhthlrmhtthrontothtrl.amplolutonrlzdnthrly2000murthdtncromthdoortothcntrothh-dropthorqulyourtonqurPythoreucldarchmdoronothoddgrkmthuymutrollnthrythtttookuthlontompl-mntthrlntolutontothprolm.Tolutonddrdycouplomnucturrhoproducgomtryn-orhprovndl.evnthtrlpuhddyytdorcurrnttknuporpynoutonthtrlrtoqurthntllyldmx-mumfcncy.EnvirnenalIpacftrawlingbyctchundrzorovrzhorhnotothtrtpchndrthfcncyothhnortndrducthvlltyothhtothhrytrtnthopc.by-ctchlopoltclhotpottondthtrlrttrytovody-ctchtthycn.Tdvlopmntordndvrouxcludrovrthptdcdhhdpotvmpctony-ctchutuntlonlythrhtzothtrtpccuhtthllcontnutonu.Formnyyrcm-rhvntrdontrlthomucchovrthcmrrllrcordnthtrvdtrthrrtrvd.Tvryu-ulorrdvlopmntutornctvtrlhrythltytovrl-tmvdoothctvtyndthtrlcrtcl.Tchvdn2010ysmrdndcurrnt-lynrndthocuonodploymnt.Tcondocuothhnndutryonnvron-mntlmpcthtt.ardtructvordotrlnhvplonpotvytmultnthottombothilvndthmktdf-culttorult.whlll-tonllvrymuchcthoonmyhconomcncn-tvrmuchmorpltlndllrcvd.Trortrlnddoormnuctur-rrdvlopnottomndm-plcytmththththdoorupndthtrldon.Trductonnulconumptonvryncntndththconomcncn-tvththrlnvronmntlpotv.octvlyythdoorothottomtu-ultohvnorthtvthhrmnoththdoorhhtothottomndthdoorrollnl.evryonhormmrthrrtcyclrddonthdlktrthtrnnhlcmocnpcturthdfcultyntrlnththdoorothottomtryrohvnthmonthottom.NopcturyourrttrnnhlrrdthyouryclodCurrenSiuainodydpthprdomtrytmprturymmtrytrlyctchottomcontctnorndmorrcurrntlyvllnrlconurtoncnnnndmultmonrllrl-tmvdorvllvth3rdr.TOPBottomContactsnsorattachdtothootrophlpsthcrwkpthtrawlothbottomandxtndsthliothgar.PhotocourtsyoSimradFishris.ABOVeTodaysnsorsincludingthisdpthSnsorattachdtothhadroparavailablinawirlssconfguration.PhotocourtsyoSimradFishris. PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews27grphrprnttonothtrwoncrnnthwhhouhnm-tdtootwrwrtrdotrwhowvrwthsmrdnwVithchnntodynmcndrctvothtrwcurrntydpoyd.rwkmotthnthdyrnowndndoncomputrthvdnrthtytothctoprmtrkvpddoorzhorpowrtc.onthtrwhpdnocourtottrtrwdn.smrdhtknthdndmpmntdrphcpckththowthdynmchvorothtrwrnordtcomnromthdpoydnor.byccurtyttnwprmtrkhdropnthwpndrdnthtc.rphcothctutrwcndpydndtrwhhtorwnprdnumrcndpydwthouttonornnddorthtprtcurmur-mnt.Ttypotchnooythrutocoortontwntrwdnrndctroncmnucturr.Furthrdvopmntndncrdcooprtontwnctronccomp-nndtrwnddoormnucturrncrn.Cooprtontwnc-nttothovrnmntndnonov-rnmntndhrmnoonthr.Cotothctrwmontornytmrtordcrnthmrktncrdutothvnr-zdntmtqutyoproductndmotncntyrducduconump-ton.lowrcotowmrvtontromthtchnooyndwthndcdiupcttwrrorhrmntotrwndtondcomptntxtntur.Tuturrhtortrwrthnvronmntndthrourc.FutureTuturdrctnthtrwrthrthnjuttownt.strdoorrundrdvopmntwhchwrducthndorpurhorpowrcuthmICHAELHILLERShasbeenwithSimradFisheriessince1984andspecializesinmaintainingthelinkbetweenthefshermenandtheengineeringanddevelopmentteamsatthevariousKongsbergactoriesthatdesignandmanuacturethefshingacoustics.trwcntmr.Ttytornvhtothurcntrduccuy.Twopnupntrnwmrktorrhhndwhunddnvuorthhrmn.aquotcomxdddnvuthmnwytoncrprotorthhrmn.envronmnt-yrnnvhtothurcoworthnon-trtdhtorturndtothv.andtnotprctctornthhtothurcorortnndrthtytoopnndcotwowthwronhtordtdpth.Twonypo-cuortmvdo.byctchwdfcuttomntntryutncntrductonwwthnourty.Nwvndvrtrotwtkntocondrtonthtytohn-dvh.Twncrthprotorthhrmnthqutyothprod-uctorthconumrndncntytrnthnthrourcndprotctthhtt.Tuturpodutoncrdundrtndnohowthtrwhvthtytomurndmon-torthtrwprmtrndcontrothtowthhrmntorct.acon-rmdytrwmontornctronc. 28PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewsENgINEtECHNoLogyePaeMissiONsaNDarDshvmtdthnumomnngnvonthmktomnuctunnovtngthdvncdtchnoo-gtomkngncompnthmntnnggoodoptngchct-tcothndu.bythndothythontpoductthtmotothcomm-chngtgongtouoncontuctonttthtoudnothvtocompntth3monuybMoyDctoOHghyDvonPccPoPod-uctnKntwhngton.Tcompnypovddpo1000-HPMUmnngnothArcticProwlernzongncntycomptdtVgoakhpyd.MUhcho-ntodvovocyccotynungoundoconumptonndongmntnncndtm-to-ov-hupod.Toughthuodng-dgtchnoogMUtomtth3monndompovdtmtoovhunduconumptont.Txctyhtthcomm-cmnoptondntodydmndngmktdynmcthngundgnoptngcot.TMUngnpoductndontquthuonytypot-ttmntocoodxhutgccu-tonhchoompnttonndngtnyothmntnncndddtonqumntthtmocom-pctdoutonoudqu.whvngnom750HPto2680HPoePa3yMoy.wthvonvn812nd16cyndvnt4.7tdpc-mntpcyndthtuochg-ngMUthdgntoncommonunjctonytmndhtchgcoong.wohvco-pondngngogntom15kwto2000kwhcho3-comp-nt.Moypotth136-ootArcticProwlerutothaklong-nCompnyhto8v4000ngnodthMU330kwgntot.TMU40003ngncomtnddthcompnctosOlasutonuhghdgotyndycompnctomnoctycctonuhnqud.ahgh-puuytmndoudokcontnmntthkmndcto.exhutcom-ponnttpdgnthhghxhutgngytntonotuochgngfcncyndouctmptuotyndovnt-tonqumntnthngnoom.Vouoptonncud-cnngotntkncuxypotkooctcttngndc-ctontomnoctyu.MUdgntngnthng-ccutkcoongytmonon-ngnunt-mountdttnumpthtxchngcoongdgn.addton-ythngnpoducthvctoy-ngndnt-mountoutonoonondovton.SizemaersOngoodpctoutnvon-mntcompncthtythtmmngutonhvcomntoocdyungtchnoogyththnpovnnothndutppc-tonyConPuckttVcP-dntosMktngoNothnlghtinc.Nli.Tdnncthmnmktmtcndfcutoutogtouhndonmnydntngnoudk.Puckttpontoutthtonothggtchngthtngnoompctpmum.wdonthvthmtykomothndutppctontojutddtoncnontopothdonngncuovyncodngnpc.FoNliththmntmkngthovpckgmocompctndnomppctonthymkngthmnuchythtthycntknchothovhght.Tcompnyhtoncomm-cgntoththvdynctdoePa3.both4.51tndnn4-cyndock.TM65C1365kwtuo-chgdndgh2072.thngtho64.9nchndhghto39.8nch.TM99C1399kwtu-ochgdndt-coodndgh2565.thngtho68.8nchndhghto43.0nch.aPuckttpotNlihunchdthM1306a400-kwgn-tothtvovygcommchngv.Tn400-kwoutogtckntothngnoomoomoouddctdcutomhohvoutgonunthptndvyxctdoutththy.Puckttytmpotntthtcu-tomookomnuctuhocnhpthmcutomzhtvmchnthychootothpccppcton.EninetechnlByKathyA.Smith PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnews29ENgINEtECHNoLogyitontomkpomnmntonodthtmuchmompotnt.Ptnnthcompnythtcnoyounnnxpttodnndcutomzyountoomthnthtthndutyontondtoookomovnod.OnoCummnmotpopunn19-todt660HP.it3-compntnnhchoodt750-HPtnthouhthmotcommontnnthOonwhntonndaknmkt660t1800rPMyonyTomronsMnComm-cMnenngntooCummnNotht.itvypoputh58-ootnnd60-ootmut-h.CummnQsKnnhvnntdnthKncvTimeBanditomthDdtCtchtv-onthcvKariMariendythtonxtyTomynothpopopuonQsKndpouxyQsKonthArcticFuryhntxmpocommchncutomttnonodthonnnthnnoom.whn4vcon-tnutoth3nnnnnov804HPutthctyzdmufytmxpnTom.TctytunctvctytductonsCrytmhchmnuctudyCummnemonsoutonndut-zqudu.bcuothon-nncton-cndModuHhPuCom-monruytmonthnnucnnjctdtnypontnthottonothnn.inctnop-tnmodmutpnjctonvntppotokcnccomphdcnnupthxhutytmqutnthnn.aohpntomtnmotnntmonttthchntoUtlosuuD.Non-u-tduuuhthcontntcoudnxco2000ptpmontonomothn15ptpmondCummnnntomtptcutmontnddn-cyndthoutthuoptcutthchm-pdthtttmnttchnooyquttyTom.athouhthcnndnhntchndmuchonthQsKnnmpovmntnctoncuytmcomutonchmom-tyndtuochhvcontutdtonotonyvtyomonuttottpodntydutynd-tyndhvncdthpoductvu.Cummnhnnnpt-omndvopdththdyttdtomnthndutpontonndo-odmkt.TCummnQsK95ntcptdtohvtnhh4000HPndxpctdtovnthmnmktomtmn2016.VocothCutomntvndtyncutomndhvdvnooddoCummndv-opmntthnknyTom.butthtchnothptvyhvnoundmtnthnxtmontndd.TchnhvdvnCummntodnndpoducthmotducnndqutpod-uctthyhvvpoducdnthh-toy.ithndcutndxpnvpocndunotuntyomothocotoctdthnxtmyomonqutnddupoducthvnpddontothndu.getyouR2014FishermensnewsCalendaRtoday10.002.00shippingfeeBuyyoursonlineatwww.fsermensnews.comstoreoremailcirculationpilipspublising.comKAtHyA.SmItHisa19-yearreelancewriterbasedinVictoriaBritisColumbiawitmoretan60publisedarticlesinnewspapersandmagazinesacrossNortAmerica.herinterestintemaritimeindustryasresultedinarticlespublisedinUSandinternationalfsingandmaritimetradejournals. 30PACIFICFISHERIESREVIEWspecialsupplementtoDecemBeR2013FisheRmensnewslasMONHUssntoMCntDwatoudDkotCkindutnancottovpoonnfhnvndtohhhtthndtouppotwhntonstthpudnjo.CntjondontouocontuctononthFVBlueNorthzonnyMkNonVcPdnttDkotCkindu-tndKnnyDonPdntndCeOtbuNothFh.Con-tuctonothtt-o-th-tvhpdct50njotDkotCkindutnduppotny100myjonsktCounty.whntonstthpoudmtmhtdCnt.Ncontctoodohpudnndfhnjohnwh-ntonstt.TBlueNorthnxmpohoctchhpomcnhpfhmnddttyndpofttytonndutyndocompntonvtnnvcontucton.Cntottons.1609ndntonDcm2010ththpddtothcontuctonothBlueNorth.Htonctcooptvothzonnfhythtmntthcofhndncompntohvtmovuomchctch.Thpdpunvtmntnntt-o-th-tfhnvdndomodnfhnndutyndktpocnndtocpcty.Fom2004to2009dcthpudnndhppjocoamcjumpd12pcnt.whntonstthmothn5300ok-nd87fmnthmtmcontuctonndpnduty.inthgtsttonthhtmjohpydndmothn20myd.ammothsntCommcsucommttonOcnatmophFhndCotgudCnthokdtoptonthtuppotthothowhn-tonhpudnnduty.aonthhthtdtonvtmntnonnfhyotCnthpdptontohpothtpcthnvuchthakoundfht.Cnthondnhhhtnthndomutpcktoncthntontytomntnpncntht-chnnactc.lnuhntdntothCotgudauthoztonacto2012pvntthdcommonnndcppnothPolarStarscuntynctvthpPolarSeauntuncnycomptd.TPolarSeacuntydockdnsttndchdudtodmntdny2013tpnnd2012dmntnpotpondthnktonmntththCotgudCnthpdcunJun2012.scppnthPolarSeaoudhvtthUntdsttthonyonoptonckthHyhchonyhmdumckncp-ty.TPolarSeasthpthPolarStarctvtynnctvoctkttu.ruhncknvkthPolarSeacntkouhyfvyndmpoyupdo300ok.budnnvcntkhttotnyndmpoymothn1000ok.insptm2011CntndsntoMkbchD-aKntoducdtontopvntthdcommonnndcppnothPolarSeacdTPvOulactcrponCptyPOlar-Cacto2011.CantwellToursNewFreezerLonglinerConstructionFromLfttorightSnatorMariaCantwlldiscusssthnwfrzrlonglinrundrconstructioninAnacortswithBluNorthChairmanofthBoardMichalBurnsandPrsidntandCeOKnnyDown. In-depthINPRINT-Our8000subscribersmakePMMthemostwidelycirculatedprintpublicationintheindustry.PublishedmonthlyPMMdeliversnewsfromandabouttheNorthAmericanPacicCoastthelargestmostdynamicmartimemarketinthenationfromcommercialvesselstomarinecargoterminalsandtransits.TimelyONLINE-PMMOnlinereachesmorethan6000onlinesubscriberseveryTuesdayandFridaycoveringbreakingnewsaboutmaritimeoperationslegislationandtheregulatoryenvironment.PMMOnlineistheonlysubscriber-basedonlinenewsletterfocusedspecicallyontheWestCoast.EngagingINPERSON-ThePacicMaritimeMagazineConferenceSeriesbringstogetherindustryexpertstoshareinsightsandvitalinformationonissuesattheforefrontofourindustry.Ourconferencesheldyear-rounddrawmaritimesenioradministratorsandoperationsmanagementfromtheregionandaroundtheworld.Inprint.Online.Inperson.206-284-8285www.pacmar.comMarineBusinessfortheOperationsSectorFromAlaskatoSouthernCaliforniaPacicMaritimeMagazinebringsyouWestCoastmaritimenewslikenobodyelse.Visitusonlineatwww.pacmar.comformoreinformation. WecanassistyouwithyourMoyerProgramApplication866-790-2676www.boatswainslocker.comDistributorFactoryAuthorizedSalesServiceandWarranty931W.18thStreetCostaMesaCA92627CaliforniaOnly.ScaniaEnginesfrom250-1000HPKohlerMarineGeneratorsfrom5-500kWMitsubishiEnginesfrom429-1675HPCOMMERCIALMARINEENGINEDISTRIBUTOR